The bladder, according to, is a membranous organ belonging to the excretory system, is responsible in collecting urine made in the kidneys. It is also responsible in expelling urine out of the body through muscle contraction. When full, a normal, healthy bladder may hold up to 600 mL of urine waste.

However, there are certain conditions that can make your bladder dysfunctional. Bladder cancer, for instance, is a common type of cancer that affects bladder cells. Most bladder cancer types are detectable and treatable during earlier stages, although it also has a higher rate of recurrence. So, it is important for bladder cancer survivors to undergo regular check-ups to detect any signs of recurrence.

Blood in urine, or hematuria, is the chief bladder cancer symptom. Hematuria can be accompanied by other urinary disorders, such as painful urination, frequent urination, and back pain. A person experiencing one or more of these symptoms should see his physician right away, especially if he is considered among the vulnerable group. Those who are vulnerable to bladder cancer are:

  • Smokers – Tobacco may contain harmful substances that may trigger bladder cancer
  • Men – Unlike women, men are at higher risk of bladder cancer
  • Adults – Bladder cancer is more frequent among older age groups, usually 40 years old and up
  • Those with family history of bladder cancer – Your risk of bladder cancer increases if one or more of your relatives have the disease.
  • Those who are constantly exposed to harmful chemicals – Individuals working in unsafe workplaces where they are repetitively exposed to cancer-causing chemicals are more likely to develop bladder cancer.
  • Those who are suffering from persistent bladder diseases – A person with chronic cystisis, or the inflammation of the bladder, is at higher risk of bladder cancer

Apart from these risk factors, stated that there could be a direct link between diabetes drug Actos and bladder cancer risk. In fact, many studies have already established strong correlation between bladder cancer and Actos use, including this study published in Medpage Today.